Gardner and Brady · Sharp shooter manipulation

Gardner and Brady and their battlefield antics

Gardner, 1821-1882: Battle-field of Gettysburg-Dead Confederate sharpshooter at foot of Little Round Top [i.e., Devil’s Den]

First image to the left represents the original and the second represents the repositioning for dramatic effect.

Images 1&2 from:

In this page:

Research has been carried out to show how falsifying an image can create false memories. The subject of experiment here was asked questions and then later requestioned. At the time of re-questioning, having been asked to image what might have happened if the manipulated image had not been manipulated, the person expounded the events that they thought had taken place, as if they were so. This shows the shoddy and unreliable nature of memory.

Sarinana points out that for ‘creative endeavours’ this is not an issue, but what about the presentation of facts and documents in the form of evidence? (Sarinana, 2013) [1] Here is where the subject as we know starts to get tricky.


  1. Sarinana, J. Manipulated photographs, manipulated memories (2013) [online] [accessed, May 2020]


Published by Truevisionphotography

I'm a student photographer studying through the OCA a UK based arts university. I'm in the foundation year of my studies and enjoying it immensely. I'm also a yoga teacher and co-founder of Bodhiyoga a buddhism based yoga teacher training program that runs in the UK and Spain each year. As a photographer I'm interested in all forms of fine art. I find the arts really important in my life. I love nature and aim to be in the outdoors as much as I can. Generally I think that all the different strands of my life are flowing to towards self development in the greatest sense of the term. The arts, buddhist practice yoga and meditation are all tools to that end. I feel committed to communication the these values in the world both through the visual arts as well as teaching.

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